In trading, a pip is a small price movement. Traders use pips to analyse currency price changes, measure their profits and losses, and manage their risk. To be a successful trader, it’s essential to have a good understanding of how pips work. With that in mind, here’s a look at the basics of pips.

## An overview of pips in trading

A pip is an important unit of measurement in the trading of currency pairs (forex trading). The term ‘pip’ is short for ‘percentage in point’ or ‘point in percentage’.

Pips are used to express the change in value between two currencies. They are also used to measure profit/loss when a trader executes a trade.

Additionally, pips can be used to manage trading risk. For example, a trader could set a stop loss – to specify the maximum amount he/she is willing to lose on a trade – in terms of pips.

## What is a pip in forex trading?

In forex trading, a pip is essentially the smallest move a currency can make.

Most major currency pairs (e.g. GBP/USD, EUR/USD, etc.) are priced to four decimal places. With these currency pairs, a pip is a price movement of 0.0001. So, for example, if the GBP/USD exchange rate was to move from 1.2500 to 1.2510, it would have moved by 10 pips.

However, some currency pairs, such as those involving the Japanese yen, are only quoted to two decimal places. With these currency pairs, a pip is a price movement of 0.01. So, for example, if the GBP/JPY exchange rate was to move from 180.00 to 180.05, it would have moved by five pips.

## What is a pipette in forex trading?

In forex trading, a pipette is a tenth of a pip. Therefore, for major currency pairs that are quoted to four decimal places, it is a movement of 0.00001. For example, a movement from 1.25000 to 1.25001 in the GBP/USD currency pair would represent one pipette. For currency pairs quoted to two decimal places, however, a pipette is a movement of 0.001.

## Examples of pips

Let’s say a trader entered a long position on GBP/USD at 1.2200 and the currency pair moved to 1.2300. In this scenario, the trader would have made a profit of 100 pips.

If the trader went long on GBP/USD at 1.2200 and the exchange rate fell to 1.2150, however, the trader would have made a loss of 50 pips.

Note that the trader’s profit or loss in monetary terms would depend on the value of each pip. This can be worked out using a simple formula.

## How to calculate the value of a pip

To calculate the value of a pip, we need to know:

• The currency pair being traded
• The amount of money being traded
• The spot price of the currency pair

Once we have these variables, we can calculate the value of a pip (for a four-decimal place currency pair) using the formula:

Pip value = (0.0001 x trade amount) / spot price

As an example, let’s say a trader wanted to make a £10,000 long trade on GBP/AUD at a spot price of 1.8750. In this scenario, the pip value in GBP would be (0.0001 x 10,000) / 1.8750 = £0.53.

## Calculating profit/loss with pips

Calculating the profit/loss from a trade with pips is relatively straightforward.

The first step is to determine the value of each pip using the formula above.

Then, you simply multiply that by the number of pips won or lost on the trade.

For instance, if a trader gained 20 pips on a GBP/AUD forex trade with a pip value of £0.53, the trader’s profit would be approximately £10.60 (20 x £0.53).

## FAQs

The value of one pip will depend on the currency pair being traded, the trade amount, and the spot price.

The formula to calculate the value of a pip for a four-decimal place currency pair is:

Pip value = (0.0001 x trade amount) / spot price

So, for example, if a trader wanted to make a \$10,000 long trade on USD/CAD at a spot price of 1.3500, one pip would be worth \$0.74 ((0.0001 x 10,000) / 1.3500).

How much 50 pips is worth will depend on the value of each pip.

You can work out the value of one pip using the formula below:

Pip value = (0.0001 x trade amount) / spot price

Once you have calculated the pip value, you can multiply it by 50 to work out how much 50 pips is worth.

Generating 200 pips per day from forex trading is a good result. However, trying to achieve 200 pips per day consistently when trading is unrealistic.

Generally speaking, professional traders do not trade with a specific number of pips in mind. This is due to the fact that forex markets are unpredictable, and traders cannot bank on achieving a certain number of pips per day.

A pipette is a fraction (1/10th) of a pip. It can be used to measure the price movement of a currency more accurately.